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Từ điển Oxford Advanced Learner 8th
bar



bar [bar bars barred barring] noun, verb, preposition BrE [bɑː(r)] NAmE [bɑːr]
noun  
 
FOR DRINKS/FOOD
1. countable a place where you can buy and drink alcoholic and other drinks
We met at a bar called the Flamingo.
the island's only licensed bar (= one that is allowed to sell alcoholic drinks)
a cocktail bar
The hotel has a restaurant, bar and swimming pool.
• (BrE)I found David in the bar of the Red Lion (= a room in a pub where drinks are served).
see also barroom, ↑lounge bar, ↑minibar, ↑public bar, ↑saloon bar
2. countable a long wide wooden surface where drinks, etc. are served
She was sitting at the bar.
It was so crowded I couldn't get to the bar.
3. countable (especially in compounds)a place in which a particular kind of food or drink is the main thing that is served
a sandwich bar
a coffee bar
see also oxygen bar, ↑snack bar, ↑wine bar  
 
OF CHOCOLATE/SOAP
4. countable a piece of sth with straight sides
a bar of chocolate/soap
candy bars  
 
OF METAL/WOOD
5. countable a long straight piece of metal or wood. Bars are often used to stop sb from getting through a space
He smashed the window with an iron bar.
All the ground floor windows were fitted with bars.
a five-bar gate (= one made with five horizontal bars of wood)
see also bull bars, ↑roll bar, ↑space bar, ↑tow bar  
 
IN ELECTRIC FIRE
6. countable a piece of metal with wire wrapped around it that becomes red and hot when electricity is passed through it
Switch another bar on if you're cold.  
 
IN SPORTS
7. the barsingular the ↑crossbar of a goal
His shot hit the bar.  
 
OF COLOUR/LIGHT
8. countable a band of colour or light
Bars of sunlight slanted down from the tall narrow windows.  
 
THAT PREVENTS STH
9. countable, usually singular ~ (to sth) a thing that stops sb from doing sth
At that time being a woman was a bar to promotion in most professions.
see also colour bar  
 
IN MUSIC
10. (BrE) (NAmE meas·ure)countable one of the short sections of equal length that a piece of music is divided into, and the notes that are in it
four beats to the bar
the opening bars of a piece of music  
 
LAW
11. the Barsingular (BrE)the profession of ↑barrister (= a lawyer in a higher court)
to be called to the Bar (= allowed to work as a qualified ↑barrister )
12. the Barsingular (NAmE)the profession of any kind of lawyer  
 
MEASUREMENT
13. a unit for measuring the pressure of the atmosphere, equal to a hundred thousand ↑newtons per square metre
see also millibar
more at lower the bar at lower v., raise the bar at raise v.

Word Origin:
n. senses 1 to 12 and v. Middle English Old French barre barrer n. sense 13 early 20th cent. Greek baros ‘weight’

Culture:
To be called to the Bar is to be received into the profession of barrister after training for the Bar. In Britain the Bar is governed by the ↑Bar Council. The head of the Bar of England and Wales and the Bar of Northern Ireland is called the ↑Attorney General, and the head of the Scottish Bar is called the Dean of Faculty.

Thesaurus:
bar noun C
Let's have a drink in the bar.
BrE pub • |BrE, informal local • |BrE, formal public house • |(in the past)inn • • tavern • • saloon
go to a bar/the pub/a public house/an inn/a tavern/a saloon

Vocabulary Building:
A bar of chocolate
If you want to describe a whole unit of a particular substance, or a group of things that are normally together, for example when you buy them, you need to use the correct word.
a bar of soap/chocolate; a candy bar
a block of ice/stone/wood
a bolt/roll/length of fabric
a cube of ice/sugar; an ice/sugar cube
a loaf of bread
a roll of film/carpet
a slab of marble/concrete
a stick of gum
a bunch of bananas/grapes
a bunch/bouquet of flowers
a bundle of sticks
a set/bunch of keys
a set of chairs/glasses/clothes/guitar strings

Example Bank:
I bought a chocolate bar at the station.
I didn't recognize the man who was serving behind the bar.
It was supposed to be a restaurant but seemed more like a dive bar.
She played a few bars on the piano.
The barmaid stood behind the bar.
The ground floor windows were fitted with bars.
The killer is now safely behind bars.
There were not many people in the bar.
They were chatting at the bar.
We met at a bar called the Anvil.
You can usually find him propping up the bar of the Red Lion.
the notes in the first bar
He's been working in a bar called the Flamingo.
I found David in the bar of the Red Lion.
It's a singles bar.
It's the island's only licensed bar.
The hotel has a cocktail bar on the top floor.
The windows at street level were fitted with bars.
They used to meet after work in a wine bar.
They won't feel safe until the murderer is safely behind bars.
We could meet at the theatre and have a drink in the bar.
a bar of soap
a candy bar
a five-bar gate
a roll bar
a sandwich/snack/coffee bar
a tow bar
a wine/cocktail bar
bull bars
the space bar
Idioms:behind bars not have a bar of something set the bar
 
verb (-rr-) 
 
CLOSE WITH BARS
1. usually passive ~ sth to close sth with a bar or bars
All the doors and windows were barred.  
 
BLOCK
2. ~ sth to block a road, path, etc. so that nobody can pass
Two police officers were barring her exit.
We found our way barred by rocks.  
 
PREVENT
3. ~ sb (from sth/from doing sth) to ban or prevent sb from doing sth
The players are barred from drinking alcohol the night before a match.
see no holds barred at hold n.
Verb forms:

Word Origin:
n. senses 1 to 12 and v. Middle English Old French barre barrer n. sense 13 early 20th cent. Greek baros ‘weight’

Example Bank:
The curfew has effectively barred migrant workers from their jobs.
Certain activities are still barred to women.
The players are barred from drinking alcohol the night before a match.

 
preposition (especially BrE)
except for sb/sth
The students all attended, bar two who were ill.
All bar one of the employees lost their jobs.
It's the best result we've ever had, bar none (= none was better).
Bar a few changes to the kitchen, the house is the same as when Mozart lived here.
see be all over bar the shouting at shouting

Word Origin:
n. senses 1 to 12 and v. Middle English Old French barre barrer n. sense 13 early 20th cent. Greek baros ‘weight’
 
See also:measure

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