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Từ điển Oxford Advanced Learner 8th
measure



meas·ure [measure measures measured measuring] verb, noun BrE [ˈmeʒə(r)] NAmE [ˈmeʒər]
verb  
 
SIZE/QUANTITY
1. to find the size, quantity, etc. of sth in standard units
~ sth (in sth) A ship's speed is measured in knots.
a device that measures the level of radiation in the atmosphere
measuring equipment/instruments
~ sb/sth for sth He's gone to be measured for a new suit.
~ how much, how long, etc… A dipstick is used to measure how much oil is left in an engine.
2. linking verb (not used in the progressive tenses)+ noun to be a particular size, length, amount, etc
The main bedroom measures 12ft by 15ft.
The pond measures about 2 metres across.  
 
JUDGE
3. ~ sth | ~ how, what, etc… to judge the importance, value or effect of sth
Syn: assess
It is difficult to measure the success of the campaign at this stage.
Regular tests are used to measure students' progress.
Verb forms:

Word Origin:
Middle English (as a noun in the senses ‘moderation’, ‘instrument for measuring’, ‘unit of capacity’): from Old French mesure, from Latin mensura, from mens- ‘measured’, from the verb metiri.

Example Bank:
Any type of data that could not be directly measured was rejected.
Cloth is measured in metres.
Education policy places too much emphasis on things that can be quantitatively measured.
Is it really possible to measure the skills of such jobs according to objective standards?
It is hard to measure the benefits to society of the system.
She's being measured for her wedding outfit.
Success cannot be measured merely in terms of the size of your salary.
The policy's effectiveness cannot be measured by numbers alone.
The school's performance is measured against a strict set of criteria.
We need to measure the room up for a new carpet.
You can now measure its length more accurately.
the criteria that are used to measure performance
A ship's speed is measured in knots.
He's gone to be measured for a new suit.
The earthquake measured 8.4 on the Richter scale.
They measure the time taken by each rat to find the centre of the maze.
This is a special device that measures the level of radiation in the atmosphere.
You'll need specialized measuring equipment.
Idioms:beyond measure for good measure full measure get somebody's measure get the measure of somebody in full measure in no small measure in some/equal measure made to measure
Derived:measure somebody against somebody measure somebody up measure something out measure up
 
noun  
 
OFFICIAL ACTION
1. countable an official action that is done in order to achieve a particular aim
safety/security/austerity measures
a temporary/an emergency measure
~ (to do sth) We must take preventive measures to reduce crime in the area.
The government is introducing tougher measures to combat crime.
measures against racism
Police in riot gear were in attendance as a precautionary measure.
see also half measures  
 
UNIT OF SIZE/QUANTITY
2. countable, uncountable a unit used for stating the size, quantity or degree of sth; a system or a scale of these units
weights and measures
The Richter Scale is a measure of ground motion.
liquid/dry measure
Which measure of weight do pharmacists use?
3. countable (especially of alcohol)a standard quantity
a generous measure of whisky  
 
AMOUNT
4. singular a particular amount of sth, especially a fairly large amount
Syn: degree
A measure of technical knowledge is desirable in this job.
She achieved some measure of success with her first book.  
 
INSTRUMENT FOR MEASURING
5. countable an instrument such as a stick, a long tape or a container that is marked with standard units and is used for measuring
see also tape measure  
 
WAY OF SHOWING/JUDGING
6. singular a sign of the size or the strength of sth
Sending flowers is a measure of how much you care.
7. countable a way of judging or measuring sth
an accurate measure of ability
Is this test a good measure of reading comprehension?  
 
SUGGESTED NEW LAW
8. countable (NAmE)a written suggestion, especially one for a new law made by the lawmakers of a state
a motion to refer the measure to another committee
a ballot measure (= a change in the law that voters decide on)  
 
IN MUSIC
9. (NAmE) (BrE bar)countable one of the short sections of equal length that a piece of music is divided into, and the notes that are in it
more at in large measure at large

Word Origin:
Middle English (as a noun in the senses ‘moderation’, ‘instrument for measuring’, ‘unit of capacity’): from Old French mesure, from Latin mensura, from mens- ‘measured’, from the verb metiri.

Synonyms:
action
measure • step • act • move
These are all words for a thing that sb does.
action • a thing that sb does: Her quick action saved the child's life.
measure • an official action that is done in order to achieve a particular aim: Tougher measures against racism are needed.
step • one of a series of things that you do in order to achieve sth: This was a first step towards a united Europe.
act • a thing that sb does: an act of kindness
action or act?
These two words have the same meaning but are used in different patterns. An act is usually followed by of and/or used with an adjective. Action is not usually used with of but is often used with his, her, etc.: a heroic act of bravery ◇ a heroic action of bravery ◇ his heroic actions/acts during the war. Action often combines with take but act does not: We shall take whatever acts are necessary.
move • (used especially in journalism) an action that you do or need to do to achieve sth: They are waiting for the results of the opinion polls before deciding their next move.
to take action/measures/steps
to make a step/move
a heroic/brave/daring action/step/act/move

Example Bank:
A reliable measure of progress is whether your children can do something they couldn't do before.
Accepting the lower salary was seen as an important measure of commitment.
Companies can use their stock price as a performance measure.
Development of new water sources needs to be combined with conservation measures.
GDP is considered the broadest measure of a country's economic activity.
He placed his fingers on the keys and played a few measures.
He poured me a generous measure of gin.
He's been praised and condemned in equal measure.
Higher scores on this standardized measure indicate greater creativity.
His success was due in large measure to your help.
Landed income was the true measure of the gentry.
New security measures were implemented to prevent further violence.
Special measures are being taken to protect the local water supplies.
The Committee unanimously approved the measure.
The authorities are using increasingly repressive measures.
The band began playing the opening measures.
The mayor threatened to veto a measure passed by the city council.
The price of housing relative to income is an important measure of real income.
They tried to formulate a quantitative measure of well-being.
This figure alone is not a fair measure of our success.
This figure provides an objective measure of risk.
This measure is obtained by dividing corporate profits by corporate bond yields.
We had to resort to extraordinary measures to find employees.
We urge you to adopt all necessary measures to guarantee people's safety.
a huge room measuring 50 m by 18 m
a package of measures aimed at cutting pollution
a steady rhythm of four beats to a measure
an accurate measure of length
measures for reducing delays
the first few measures of Mozart's third violin concerto
tougher measures against racism
Exam results are only one measure of a school's success.
Her hand trembled slightly, a measure of her anxiety.
Money is not the only measure of success.
Police in riot gear were in attendance as a precautionary measure.
The government introduced emergency measures to stave off an economic crisis.
This is just a temporary measure, while the emergency exists.
We still have no objective measure of pain in babies.

 
See also:bar

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