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Từ điển Oxford Advanced Learner 8th
raise



raise [raise raises raised raising] verb, noun BrE [reɪz] NAmE [reɪz]
verb  
 
MOVE UPWARDS
1. ~ sth to lift or move sth to a higher level
She raised the gun and fired.
He raised a hand in greeting.
She raised her eyes from her work.
Opp: lower
2. ~ sth/sb/yourself (+ adv./prep.) to move sth/sb/yourself to a vertical position
Somehow we managed to raise her to her feet.
He raised himself up on one elbow.
Opp: lower  
 
INCREASE
3. ~ sth (to sth) to increase the amount or level of sth
to raise salaries/prices/taxes
They raised their offer to $500.
We need to raise public awareness of the issue.
How can we raise standards in schools?
Don't tell her about the job until you know for sure— we don't want to raise her hopes (= make her hope too much).
I've never heard him even raise his voice (= speak louder because he was angry).  
 
COLLECT MONEY/PEOPLE
4. ~ sth to bring or collect money or people together; to manage to get or form sth
to raise a loan
We are raising money for charity.
He set about raising an army.
see also fund-raiser  
 
MENTION SUBJECT
5. ~ sth to mention sth for people to discuss or sb to deal with
Syn: broach
The book raises many important questions.
I'm glad you raised the subject of money.  
 
CAUSE
6. ~ sth to cause or produce sth; to make sth appear
to raise doubts in people's minds
The plans for the new development have raised angry protests from local residents.
It wasn't an easy audience but he raised a laugh with his joke.
It had been a difficult day but she managed to raise a smile.
The horses' hooves raised a cloud of dust.
see also curtain-raiser, ↑fire-raiser  
 
CHILD/ANIMAL
7. (especially NAmE)to care for a child or young animal until it is able to take care of itself
~ sb/sth They were both raised in the South.
kids raised on a diet of hamburgers
~ sb/sth as sth | ~ sb/sth + noun They raised her (as) a Catholic.
I was born and raised a city boy.
compare bring up  
 
FARM ANIMALS/CROPS
8. ~ sth to breed particular farm animals; to grow particular crops
to raise cattle/corn  
 
END STH
9. ~ sth to end a restriction on sb/sth
to raise a blockade/a ban/an embargo/a siege  
 
ON RADIO/PHONE
10. ~ sb to contact sb and speak to them by radio or telephone
We managed to raise him on his mobile phone.  
 
DEAD PERSON
11. ~ sb (from sth) to make sb who has died come to life again
Syn: resurrect
Christians believe that God raised Jesus from the dead.  
 
IN CARD GAMES
12. ~ sb sth to make a higher bet than another player in a card game
I'll raise you another hundred dollars.  
 
MATHEMATICS
13. ~ sth to the power of sth to multiply an amount by itself a particular number of times
3 raised to the power of 3 is 27 (= 3 × 3 × 3).
more at raise/up the ante at ante, raise sb's hackles at hackles, not lift/raise a finger/hand (to do sth) at lift v., raise/lower your sights at sight n., raise/lower the temperature at temperature
Verb forms:

Word Origin:
Middle English: from Old Norse reisa; related to the verb ↑rear.

Thesaurus:
raise verb
1. T (usually used with an adverb or preposition) (especially written)
He raised a hand in greeting.
lift • • pick sb/sth up • • hoist • • heave • • scoop
Opp: lower
raise/lift/pick/hoist/scoop sb/sth up
raise/lift your hand/arm/head/chin/face/eyes/eyebrows
Raise, lift or pick sb/sth up? Lift can mean to move sb/sth in a particular direction, not just upwards; pick sb/sth is usually used about sb/sth that is not very heavy and is only used for upwards movement; raise is used especially about parts of the body
•He lifted the suitcase down from the rack.
• He picked up the phone and dialled the number.
• She raised her eyebrows.
2. T
The government has promised not to raise taxes.
increase • • heighten • • intensify • • step sth up • |often approving boost • |often disapproving inflate • |especially business maximize
Opp: lower
raise/increase/step up/boost/inflate sth by 15%, 250, £100, a third, etc.
raise/increase/step up/boost/inflate from/to 150, $500, etc.
raise/increase/boost/inflate/maximize prices
raise/increase/heighten/boost awareness/interest
raise/increase/intensify/step up the pressure
Raise or increase? Increase is used slightly more often about numbers, prices and figures; raise is often used about feelings and qualities.
3. T
The sale raised over £3 000 for charity.
collect • • make • • bring sth in • • fetch
raise/collect money for sth
raise/collect/make/bring in money
raise/collect/make/bring in/fetch $200/£300 000
4. T, often passive (especially AmE)
I was born and raised a city boy.
bring sb up • • rear • • be born and bred • • adopt • |especially BrE foster
raise/bring up/rear/adopt/foster a child
raise/bring up/rear/adopt a daughter/son/family
raise/rear young/animals/sheep/chickens/poultry

Which Word?:
rise / raise
Verbs
Raise is a verb that must have an object and rise is used without an object. When you raise something, you lift it to a higher position or increase it: He raised his head from the pillow. We were forced to raise the price. When people or things rise, they move from a lower to a higher position: She rose from the chair. The helicopter rose into the air. Rise can also mean ‘to increase in number or quantity’: Costs are always rising. Nouns
The noun rise means a movement upwards or an increase in an amount or quantity: a rise in interest rates. In BrE it can also be used to mean an increase in pay: Should I ask my boss for a rise? In NAmE this is a raise: a three per cent pay raise. Rise can also mean the process of becoming more powerful or important: his dramatic rise to power.

Example Bank:
The campaign aims to raise awareness of the risks of illegal drugs.
threatening to raise prices
to help raise money for the repair of the stadium
trying to raise standards in education
Don't tell her about the job until you know for sure — we don't want to raise her hopes.
Farmers cleared the land in order to raise cattle.
He needed to raise a loan in order to set up in business.
I've never heard him even raise his voice.
The government has promised not to raise taxes.
The hospital is trying to raise funds for a new kidney machine.
The main part of my job is to raise funds for the playgroup.
The sale raised over £3 000 for charity.
They raise corn, soybeans and alfalfa on 460 acres.
She raised herself up on one elbow.
Somehow we managed to raise him to his feet.
These kids have been raised on a diet of hamburgers.
They raised her as a Catholic.
Idioms:raise a hand to somebody raise hell raise somebody's spirits raise the bar raise the roof raise your eyebrows raise your glass
Derived:raise something to somebody
 
noun (NAmE) (BrE rise)
an increase in the money you are paid for the work you do

Word Origin:
Middle English: from Old Norse reisa; related to the verb ↑rear.

Example Bank:
If I asked my boss for a raise he'd fire me.

 
See also:rise

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