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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
keep



I - noun
1. the financial means whereby one lives
- each child was expected to pay for their keep
- he applied to the state for support
- he could no longer earn his own livelihood
Syn:
support, livelihood, living, bread and butter, sustenance
Derivationally related forms:
sustain (for: sustenance), support (for: support)
Hypernyms:
resource
Hyponyms:
comforts, creature comforts, amenities, conveniences, maintenance,
meal ticket, subsistence
2. the main tower within the walls of a medieval castle or fortress
Syn:
donjon, dungeon
Hypernyms:
stronghold, fastness
Instance Hyponyms:
Black Hole of Calcutta
Part Holonyms:
castle
3. a cell in a jail or prison
Syn:
hold
Derivationally related forms:
hold (for: hold)
Hypernyms:
cell, jail cell, prison cell

II - verb
1. keep in a certain state, position, or activity;
e.g., "keep clean" (Freq. 206)
- hold in place
- She always held herself as a lady
- The students keep me on my toes
Syn:
maintain, hold
See Also:
hold back (for: hold), hold out (for: hold), hold over (for: hold), hold up (for: hold), keep in, keep out, keep off, keep up, keep down, keep apart
Derivationally related forms:
maintainable (for: maintain), maintainer (for: maintain)
Hyponyms:
pressurize, pressurise, continue, uphold, carry on,
bear on, preserve, hold over, conserve, distance, housekeep
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something Adjective/Noun
- Somebody ----s somebody PP
- Somebody ----s something PP
2. continue a certain state, condition, or activity (Freq. 39)
- Keep on working!
- We continued to work into the night
- Keep smiling
- We went on working until well past midnight
Syn:
continue, go on, proceed, go along
Ant:
discontinue (for: continue)
Derivationally related forms:
continuation (for: continue), continuance (for: continue)
Hypernyms:
act, move
Hyponyms:
hold, run on, keep going, ride
Verb Group:
continue, uphold, carry on, bear on, preserve
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s VERB-ing
- Something ----s (for: go on)
- Somebody ----s (for: go on)
- Something ----s (for: continue)
- Somebody ----s (for: continue)
- They keep moving
3. retain possession of (Freq. 32)
- Can I keep my old stuffed animals?
- She kept her maiden name after she married
Syn:
hold on
Ant:
lose
See Also:
keep back
Derivationally related forms:
keeping
Hypernyms:
have, have got, hold
Hyponyms:
carry over, hold over, deny, refuse, withhold,
deduct, recoup, save, preserve, store, hive away,
lay in, put in, salt away, stack away, stash away, retain,
hold, keep back, hold back, harbor, harbour
Verb Group:
keep open, hold open, save
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s PP (for: hold on)
- They keep the money
4. stop (someone or something) from doing something or being in a certain state (Freq. 22)
- We must prevent the cancer from spreading
- His snoring kept me from falling asleep
- Keep the child from eating the marbles
Syn:
prevent
Ant:
let (for: prevent)
Derivationally related forms:
preventive (for: prevent), preventative (for: prevent), prevention (for: prevent)
Hyponyms:
defend, exclude, keep out, shut out, shut,
shut, keep away, blank, impede, hinder,
rain out, wash out
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody PP
- Somebody ----s something PP
- They keep him from writing the letter
5. conform one's action or practice to (Freq. 10)
- keep appointments
- she never keeps her promises
- We kept to the original conditions of the contract
Syn:
observe
Ant:
break
Derivationally related forms:
keeping, observance (for: observe)
Hyponyms:
make good
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
6. stick to correctly or closely (Freq. 9)
- The pianist kept time with the metronome
- keep count
- I cannot keep track of all my employees
Syn:
observe, maintain
Derivationally related forms:
observation (for: observe)
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
7. look after;
be the keeper of;
have charge of (Freq. 8)
- He keeps the shop when I am gone
Derivationally related forms:
keeper, keeping
Hypernyms:
have, have got, hold
Hyponyms:
conserve, preserve, maintain, keep up
Verb Group:
preserve
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
8. maintain by writing regular records (Freq. 4)
- keep a diary
- maintain a record
- keep notes
Syn:
maintain
Hypernyms:
record, enter, put down
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
9. supply with room and board (Freq. 3)
- He is keeping three women in the guest cottage
- keep boarders
Hypernyms:
lodge, accommodate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Sam cannot keep Sue
10. allow to remain in a place or position or maintain a property or feature (Freq. 3)
- We cannot continue several servants any longer
- She retains a lawyer
- The family's fortune waned and they could not keep their household staff
- Our grant has run out and we cannot keep you on
- We kept the work going as long as we could
- She retained her composure
- this garment retains its shape even after many washings
Syn:
retain, continue, keep on
Derivationally related forms:
continuation (for: continue)
Hypernyms:
prolong, sustain, keep up
Verb Group:
continue, persist in
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
11. supply with necessities and support (Freq. 3)
- She alone sustained her family
- The money will sustain our good cause
- There's little to earn and many to keep
Syn:
sustain, maintain
Derivationally related forms:
maintenance (for: maintain), sustenance (for: sustain)
Hypernyms:
have, have got, hold
Hyponyms:
patronage, reseed, carry
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
12. fail to spoil or rot (Freq. 2)
- These potatoes keep for a long time
Syn:
stay fresh
Hypernyms:
stay, remain, rest
Verb Group:
preserve
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- This food does keep well
13. behave as expected during of holidays or rites (Freq. 2)
- Keep the commandments
- celebrate Christmas
- Observe Yom Kippur
Syn:
observe, celebrate
Derivationally related forms:
celebration (for: celebrate), celebrant (for: celebrate), celebrator (for: celebrate), observant (for: observe), observance (for: observe)
Hyponyms:
commemorate, mark, mourn, solemnize, solemnise
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
14. keep under control;
keep in check (Freq. 2)
- suppress a smile
- Keep your temper
- keep your cool
Syn:
restrain, keep back, hold back
Derivationally related forms:
restrainer (for: restrain), restraint (for: restrain)
Hypernyms:
inhibit, bottle up, suppress
Hyponyms:
hold, confine, inhibit, bottle up, suppress,
control, hold in, contain, check, curb, moderate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Somebody ----s somebody PP
15. maintain in safety from injury, harm, or danger (Freq. 1)
- May God keep you
Syn:
preserve
Derivationally related forms:
preserve (for: preserve), preservation (for: preserve), preserver (for: preserve)
Hypernyms:
protect
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
16. raise
- She keeps a few chickens in the yard
- he keeps bees
Hypernyms:
grow, raise, farm, produce
Hyponyms:
herd
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
17. retain rights to
- keep my job for me while I give birth
- keep my seat, please
- keep open the possibility of a merger
Syn:
keep open, hold open, save
Hypernyms:
reserve, hold, book
Verb Group:
hold on
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
18. store or keep customarily
- Where do you keep your gardening tools?
Hypernyms:
store
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
19. have as a supply
- I always keep batteries in the freezer
- keep food for a week in the pantry
- She keeps a sixpack and a week's worth of supplies in the refrigerator
Hypernyms:
have, have got, hold
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
20. maintain for use and service
- I keep a car in the countryside
- She keeps an apartment in Paris for her shopping trips
Syn:
maintain
Hypernyms:
have, have got, hold
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
21. hold and prevent from leaving
- The student was kept after school
Hypernyms:
confine, detain
Verb Group:
prevent
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
22. prevent (food) from rotting
- preserved meats
- keep potatoes fresh
Syn:
preserve
Derivationally related forms:
preservative (for: preserve), preserve (for: preserve), preserver (for: preserve)
Hypernyms:
cook, fix, ready, make, prepare
Hyponyms:
freeze-dry, conserve, dehydrate, desiccate, pickle,
pickle, can, tin, put up, refrigerate,
cure, corn
Verb Group:
stay fresh
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something

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