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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
push



I - noun
1. the act of applying force in order to move something away (Freq. 4)
- he gave the door a hard push
- the pushing is good exercise
Syn:
pushing
Derivationally related forms:
push (for: pushing)
Hypernyms:
propulsion, actuation
Hyponyms:
depression, nudge, jog, press, pressure,
pressing, shove, boost
2. the force used in pushing (Freq. 1)
- the push of the water on the walls of the tank
- the thrust of the jet engines
Syn:
thrust
Derivationally related forms:
thrust (for: thrust)
Hypernyms:
force
3. an electrical switch operated by pressing
- the elevator was operated by push buttons
- the push beside the bed operated a buzzer at the desk
Syn:
push button, button
Hypernyms:
switch, electric switch, electrical switch
Hyponyms:
bell push, doorbell, bell, buzzer, horn button,
mouse button, panic button, reset button
Part Holonyms:
push-button radio
4. enterprising or ambitious drive
- Europeans often laugh at American energy
Syn:
energy, get-up-and-go
Derivationally related forms:
pushy, energetic (for: energy), energize (for: energy)
Hypernyms:
drive
Hyponyms:
second wind
5. an effort to advance
- the army made a push toward the sea
Hypernyms:
progress, progression, procession, advance, advancement,
forward motion, onward motion

II - verb
1. move with force, "He pushed the table into a corner" (Freq. 56)
Syn:
force
Ant:
pull
See Also:
force out (for: force)
Derivationally related forms:
forcible (for: force), force (for: force), pusher, pushing
Hypernyms:
move, displace
Hyponyms:
nudge, poke at, prod, press, repel,
drive, repulse, force back, push back, beat back, shove,
jerk, flick, jostle, nose, push out, obtrude,
thrust out, push aside, push away, muscle into, push up, thrust,
jam, stuff, squeeze, topple, tumble, tip
Entailment:
press, move
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- Something is ----ing PP
- Somebody ----s somebody PP
- Somebody ----s something PP
- Somebody ----s PP
- They push the books into the box
2. press, drive, or impel (someone) to action or completion of an action (Freq. 7)
- He pushed her to finish her doctorate
Syn:
bear on
Hypernyms:
urge, urge on, press, exhort
Hyponyms:
nudge, bull, bull through
Verb Group:
tug, labor, labour, drive
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody to INFINITIVE
- Somebody ----s
- Sam cannot push Sue
3. make publicity for;
try to sell (a product) (Freq. 6)
- The salesman is aggressively pushing the new computer model
- The company is heavily advertizing their new laptops
Syn:
advertise, advertize, promote
Derivationally related forms:
promoter (for: promote), promotion (for: promote), advertizement (for: advertize), advertizer (for: advertize), advertisement (for: advertise), advertiser (for: advertise), advertising (for: advertise)
Hypernyms:
praise
Hyponyms:
propagandize, propagandise, plug, bill, crusade,
fight, press, campaign, agitate
Verb Group:
crusade, fight, press, campaign, agitate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
- Sam and Sue push the movie
4. strive and make an effort to reach a goal (Freq. 3)
- She tugged for years to make a decent living
- We have to push a little to make the deadline!
- She is driving away at her doctoral thesis
Syn:
tug, labor, labour, drive
See Also:
push on
Derivationally related forms:
drive (for: drive), labour (for: labour), labor (for: labor), laborer (for: labor)
Hypernyms:
fight, struggle
Hyponyms:
strive, reach, strain
Verb Group:
bear on
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s to INFINITIVE
5. press against forcefully without moving (Freq. 3)
- she pushed against the wall with all her strength
Hypernyms:
press
Verb Group:
force
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
6. approach a certain age or speed (Freq. 1)
- She is pushing fifty
Syn:
crowd
Hypernyms:
approach, near, come on, go up, draw near,
draw close, come near
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
7. exert oneself continuously, vigorously, or obtrusively to gain an end or engage in a crusade for a certain cause or person;
be an advocate for
- The liberal party pushed for reforms
- She is crusading for women's rights
- The Dean is pushing for his favorite candidate
Syn:
crusade, fight, press, campaign, agitate
Derivationally related forms:
campaign (for: campaign), fighter (for: fight), crusade (for: crusade), crusader (for: crusade)
Hypernyms:
advertise, advertize, promote
Verb Group:
advertise, advertize, promote
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
8. sell or promote the sale of (illegal goods such as drugs)
- The guy hanging around the school is pushing drugs
Derivationally related forms:
pusher
Topics:
crime, offense, criminal offense, criminal offence, offence, law-breaking
Hypernyms:
deal, sell, trade
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
9. move strenuously and with effort
- The crowd pushed forward
Hypernyms:
travel, go, move, locomote
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- Something is ----ing PP
10. make strenuous pushing movements during birth to expel the baby
- 'Now push hard,' said the doctor to the woman
Syn:
press
Derivationally related forms:
press (for: press)
Hypernyms:
force
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s

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