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Từ điển Oxford Advanced Learner 8th
toast



I. toast [toast toasts toasted toasting] noun, verb BrE [təʊst] NAmE [toʊst]
noun
1. uncountable slices of bread that have been made brown and crisp by heating them on both sides in a ↑toaster or under a ↑grill
cheese on toast
a piece of toast
two slices/rounds of toast
see also French toast
2. countable ~ (to sb/sth) the act of a group of people wishing sb happiness, success, etc. by drinking a glass of sth, especially alcohol, at the same time
I'd like to propose a toast to the bride and groom.
The committee drank a toast to the new project.
3. singular the ~ of… a person who is praised by a lot of people in a particular place because of sth that they have done well
The performance made her the toast of the festival.

Word Origin:
late Middle English (as a verb in the sense ‘burn as the sun does, parch’): from Old French toster ‘roast’, from Latin torrere ‘parch’. The practice of drinking a toast goes back to the late 17th cent., and originated in naming a lady whose health the company was requested to drink, the idea being that the lady's name flavoured the drink like the pieces of spiced toast that were formerly placed in drinks such as wine.

Example Bank:
He raised his glass as if to make a toast.
I can smell burned toast.
I'm making toast for breakfast.
She ate two slices of toast spread with honey.
The bridegroom ended his speech by proposing a toast to the hosts.
We'll have another round of toast, please.
buttered toast
I'd like to propose a toast to the bride and groom.

 
verb
1. transitive ~ sb/sth to lift a glass of wine, etc. in the air and drink it at the same time as other people in order to wish sb/sth success, happiness, etc
The happy couple were toasted in champagne.
We toasted the success of the new company.
2. transitive, intransitive ~ (sth) to make sth, especially bread, turn brown by heating it in a ↑toaster or close to heat; to turn brown in this way
The buns should be served lightly toasted.
a toasted sandwich
Place under a hot grill until the nuts have toasted.
3. transitive ~ sth to warm a part of your body by placing it near a fire
He sat toasting his feet in front of the fire.
Verb forms:

Word Origin:
late Middle English (as a verb in the sense ‘burn as the sun does, parch’): from Old French toster ‘roast’, from Latin torrere ‘parch’. The practice of drinking a toast goes back to the late 17th cent., and originated in naming a lady whose health the company was requested to drink, the idea being that the lady's name flavoured the drink like the pieces of spiced toast that were formerly placed in drinks such as wine.

Collocations:
Cooking
Preparing
prepare a dish/a meal/a menu/dinner/the fish
weigh out 100g/4oz of sugar/the ingredients
wash/rinse the lettuce/spinach/watercress
chop/slice/dice the carrots/onions/potatoes
peel the carrots/onion/potatoes/garlic/orange
grate a carrot/the cheese/some nutmeg
remove/discard the bones/seeds/skin
blend/combine/mix (together) the flour and water/all the ingredients
beat/whisk the cream/eggs/egg whites
knead/shape/roll (out) the dough
Cooking
heat the oil in a frying pan
preheat/heat the oven/(BrE) the grill/(NAmE) the broiler
bring to (BrE) the boil/(NAmE) a boil
stir constantly/gently with a wooden spoon
reduce the heat
simmer gently for 20 minutes/until reduced by half
melt the butter/chocolate/cheese/sugar
brown the meat for 8-20 minutes
drain the pasta/the water from the pot/in a colander
mash the potatoes/banana/avocado
Ways of cooking
cook food/fish/meat/rice/pasta/a Persian dish
bake (a loaf of) bread/a cake/(especially NAmE) cookies/(BrE) biscuits/a pie/potatoes/fish/scones/muffins
boil cabbage/potatoes/an egg/water
fry/deep-fry/stir-fry the chicken/vegetables
grill meat/steak/chicken/sausages/a hot dog
roast potatoes/peppers/meat/chicken/lamb
sauté garlic/mushrooms/onions/potatoes/vegetables
steam rice/vegetables/spinach/asparagus/dumplings
toast bread/nuts
microwave food/popcorn/(BrE) a ready meal
Serving
serve in a glass/on a bed of rice/with potatoes
arrange the slices on a plate/in a layer
carve the meat/lamb/chicken/turkey
dress/toss a salad
dress with/drizzle with olive oil/vinaigrette
top with a slice of lemon/a scoop of ice cream/whipped cream/syrup
garnish with a sprig of parsley/fresh basil leaves/lemon wedges/a slice of lime/a twist of orange
sprinkle with salt/sugar/herbs/parsley/freshly ground black pepper

Example Bank:
He raised his glass, silently toasting his absent son.
Toast the bread lightly on both sides.
We toasted his victory in champagne.

 
 
II. be ˈtoast idiom
(informal, especially NAmE)to be likely to die or be destroyed
One mistake and you're toast.
Main entry:toastidiom

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