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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
scale



I - noun
1. an ordered reference standard (Freq. 10)
- judging on a scale of 1 to 10
Syn:
scale of measurement, graduated table, ordered series
Hypernyms:
standard, criterion, measure, touchstone
Hyponyms:
Beaufort scale, wind scale, index, logarithmic scale, Mercalli scale,
Mohs scale, Richter scale, moment magnitude scale, temperature scale, wage scale, wage schedule
2. relative magnitude (Freq. 10)
- they entertained on a grand scale
Hypernyms:
magnitude relation, quantitative relation
3. the ratio between the size of something and a representation of it (Freq. 6)
- the scale of the map
- the scale of the model
Hypernyms:
proportion
4. a specialized leaf or bract that protects a bud or catkin (Freq. 2)
Syn:
scale leaf
Hypernyms:
leaf, leafage, foliage
Hyponyms:
squamule
5. a thin flake of dead epidermis shed from the surface of the skin
Syn:
scurf, exfoliation
Derivationally related forms:
exfoliate (for: exfoliation)
Hypernyms:
bit, chip, flake, fleck, scrap
Hyponyms:
dander, dandruff
6. a measuring instrument for weighing;
shows amount of mass
Syn:
weighing machine
Hypernyms:
measuring instrument, measuring system, measuring device
Hyponyms:
balance, weighbridge
7. an indicator having a graduated sequence of marks
Hypernyms:
indicator
Hyponyms:
vernier scale, vernier
8. a metal sheathing of uniform thickness (such as the shield attached to an artillery piece to protect the gunners)
Syn:
plate, shell
Hypernyms:
shield
Hyponyms:
armor plate, armour plate, armor plating, plate armor, plate armour,
horseshoe, shoe, shell plating
9. (music) a series of notes differing in pitch according to a specific scheme (usually within an octave)
Syn:
musical scale
Derivationally related forms:
scalar, scalic
Topics:
music
Hypernyms:
musical notation
Hyponyms:
gamut, diatonic scale, chromatic scale, gapped scale
Member Meronyms:
note, musical note, tone
10. a flattened rigid plate forming part of the body covering of many animals
Derivationally related forms:
scaly, scaley
Hypernyms:
covering, natural covering, cover
Hyponyms:
fish scale, squama

II - verb
1. measure by or as if by a scale (Freq. 1)
- This bike scales only 25 pounds
Derivationally related forms:
scalage, scaling
Hypernyms:
measure
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something
2. pattern, make, regulate, set, measure, or estimate according to some rate or standard (Freq. 1)
Hypernyms:
model, pattern
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
3. take by attacking with scaling ladders
- The troops scaled the walls of the fort
Derivationally related forms:
scaling
Hypernyms:
take
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
4. reach the highest point of
- We scaled the Mont Blanc
Syn:
surmount
Hypernyms:
reach, make, attain, hit, arrive at, gain
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
5. climb up by means of a ladder
Derivationally related forms:
scaling
Hypernyms:
climb, climb up, mount, go up
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
6. remove the scales from
- scale fish
Syn:
descale
Hypernyms:
remove, take, take away, withdraw
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
7. measure with or as if with scales
- scale the gold
Derivationally related forms:
scaling
Hypernyms:
quantify, measure
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
8. size or measure according to a scale
- This model must be scaled down
Derivationally related forms:
scalage, scaling
Hypernyms:
size
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something

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