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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
rule



I - noun
1. something regarded as a normative example (Freq. 15)
- the convention of not naming the main character
- violence is the rule not the exception
- his formula for impressing visitors
Syn:
convention, normal, pattern, formula
Derivationally related forms:
formularize (for: formula)
Hypernyms:
practice
Hyponyms:
mores, code of conduct, code of behavior, universal
2. a principle or condition that customarily governs behavior (Freq. 15)
- it was his rule to take a walk before breakfast
- short haircuts were the regulation
Syn:
regulation
Derivationally related forms:
regulate (for: regulation)
Hypernyms:
concept, conception, construct
Hyponyms:
restriction, limitation, guidepost, guideline, rule of thumb,
cy pres, rule of cy pres, cy pres doctrine, working principle, working rule
3. prescribed guide for conduct or action (Freq. 10)
Syn:
prescript
Hypernyms:
direction, instruction
Hyponyms:
bylaw, rubric, order, rules of order, parliamentary law,
parliamentary procedure, rule of evidence, Miranda rule, principle, precept, golden rule,
GIGO, dictate, regulation, ordinance, canon, etiquette,
protocol, communications protocol
Part Holonyms:
book, rule book
4. (linguistics) a rule describing (or prescribing) a linguistic practice (Freq. 7)
Syn:
linguistic rule
Topics:
linguistics
Hypernyms:
concept, conception, construct
Hyponyms:
universal, linguistic universal, grammatical rule, rule of grammar, morphological rule, rule of morphology
5. a basic generalization that is accepted as true and that can be used as a basis for reasoning or conduct (Freq. 3)
- their principles of composition characterized all their works
Syn:
principle
Hypernyms:
generalization, generalisation, generality
Hyponyms:
pillar, yang, yin, feng shui
6. the duration of a monarch's or government's power
- during the rule of Elizabeth
Hypernyms:
duration, continuance
Hyponyms:
regency
Instance Hyponyms:
Regency
7. (mathematics) a standard procedure for solving a class of mathematical problems
- he determined the upper bound with Descartes' rule of signs
- he gave us a general formula for attacking polynomials
Syn:
formula
Derivationally related forms:
formulate (for: formula), formularize (for: formula)
Topics:
mathematics, math, maths
Hypernyms:
procedure, process
Hyponyms:
metarule, algorithm, algorithmic rule, algorithmic program, heuristic,
heuristic rule, heuristic program, recursion
8. dominance or power through legal authority
- France held undisputed dominion over vast areas of Africa
- the rule of Caesar
Syn:
dominion
Derivationally related forms:
dominate (for: dominion)
Hypernyms:
dominance, ascendance, ascendence, ascendancy, ascendency, control
Hyponyms:
paramountcy, raj, reign, sovereignty, suzerainty
9. directions that define the way a game or sport is to be conducted
- he knew the rules of chess
Hypernyms:
direction, instruction
Hyponyms:
ground rule
Part Holonyms:
book, rule book
10. any one of a systematic body of regulations defining the way of life of members of a religious order
- the rule of St. Dominic
Hypernyms:
direction, instruction
11. a rule or law concerning a natural phenomenon or the function of a complex system
- the principle of the conservation of mass
- the principle of jet propulsion
- the right-hand rule for inductive fields
Syn:
principle
Hypernyms:
law, law of nature
Hyponyms:
Gestalt law of organization, Gestalt principle of organization, Le Chatelier's principle, Le Chatelier's law, Le Chatelier principle,
Le Chatelier-Braun principle, Gresham's Law, mass-energy equivalence, Naegele's rule, Occam's Razor, Ockham's Razor,
principle of parsimony, law of parsimony, principle of equivalence, principle of liquid displacement, principle of superposition, Huygens' principle of superposition,
superposition principle, superposition, mass-action principle, mass action, localization of function, localisation of function,
localization principle, localisation principle, localization, localisation
12. measuring stick consisting of a strip of wood or metal or plastic with a straight edge that is used for drawing straight lines and measuring lengths
Syn:
ruler
Derivationally related forms:
rule (for: ruler)
Hypernyms:
measuring stick, measure, measuring rod
Hyponyms:
carpenter's rule, foot rule, meterstick, metrestick, yardstick, yard measure

II - verb
1. exercise authority over;
as of nations (Freq. 12)
- Who is governing the country now?
Syn:
govern
Derivationally related forms:
ruler, government (for: govern), governor (for: govern), governing (for: govern), governance (for: govern)
Hypernyms:
control, command
Hyponyms:
throne, misgovern, dictate, reign
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s (for: govern)
2. decide with authority (Freq. 9)
- The King decreed that all firstborn males should be killed
Syn:
decree
See Also:
rule out
Derivationally related forms:
decree (for: decree), ruler
Hypernyms:
decide, make up one's mind, determine
Hyponyms:
overrule, overturn, override, overthrow, reverse,
rule out, rule in
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s that CLAUSE
3. be larger in number, quantity, power, status or importance (Freq. 2)
- Money reigns supreme here
- Hispanics predominate in this neighborhood
Syn:
predominate, dominate, reign, prevail
Derivationally related forms:
prevalence (for: prevail), reign (for: reign), predominant (for: predominate), predomination (for: predominate), predominance (for: predominate)
Hyponyms:
override, overarch, preponderate, outweigh, overbalance, outbalance
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- Something is ----ing PP
- Somebody ----s PP
4. decide on and make a declaration about (Freq. 1)
- find someone guilty
Syn:
find
Derivationally related forms:
finding (for: find), ruling
Hypernyms:
pronounce, label, judge
Verb Group:
find, feel
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something Adjective/Noun
- Somebody ----s PP
5. have an affinity with;
of signs of the zodiac
Hypernyms:
attach to, accompany, come with, go with
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something
6. mark or draw with a ruler
- rule the margins
Derivationally related forms:
ruler
Hypernyms:
draw
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
7. keep in check
- rule one's temper
Syn:
harness, rein
Derivationally related forms:
rein (for: rein)
Hypernyms:
restrict, restrain, trammel, limit, bound,
confine, throttle
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something

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