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Từ điển Oxford Advanced Learner 8th
natural



nat·ural [natural naturals] adjective, noun BrE [ˈnætʃrəl] NAmE [ˈnætʃrəl]
adjective  
 
IN NATURE
1. only before noun existing in nature; not made or caused by humans
natural disasters
the natural world (= of trees, rivers, animals and birds)
a country's natural resources (= its coal, oil, forests, etc.)
wildlife in its natural habitat
natural yogurt (= with no flavour added)
My hair soon grew back to its natural colour (= after being dyed ).
The clothes are available in warm natural colours.
compare supernatural  
 
EXPECTED
2. normal; as you would expect
to die of natural causes (= not by violence, but normally, of old age)
He thought social inequality was all part of the natural order of things.
She was the natural choice for the job.
compare unnatural  
 
BEHAVIOUR
3. used to describe behaviour that is part of the character that a person or an animal was born with
the natural agility of a cat
the natural processes of language learning
It's only natural to worry about your children.
When body temperature is beginning to fall there is a natural tendency to fall asleep.
It was my natural instinct to defend myself.  
 
ABILITY
4. only before noun having an ability that you were born with
He's a natural leader.  
 
RELAXED
5. relaxed and not pretending to be sb/sth different
It's difficult to look natural when you're feeling nervous.  
 
PARENTS/CHILDREN
6. only before noun (of parents or their children)related by blood
His natural mother was unable to care for him so he was raised by an aunt.
7. only before noun (old use or formal) (of a son or daughter)born to parents who are not married
Syn: illegitimate
She was a natural daughter of King James II.  
 
BASED ON HUMAN REASON
8. only before noun based on human reason alone
natural justice/law  
 
IN MUSIC
9. used after the name of a note to show that the note is neither ↑sharp nor ↑flat. The written symbol is (♮).
B natural

Word Origin:
Middle English (in the sense ‘having a certain status by birth’): from Old French, from Latin naturalis, from natura ‘birth, nature, quality’, from nat- ‘born’, from the verb nasci.

Thesaurus:
natural adj.
1.
It's natural that he would want to see his own son.
obvious • • understandable • • logical
natural/obvious/understandable/logical that…
natural/logical (for sb) to do sth
the natural/obvious/logical thing to do/choice/conclusion/solution
Natural or obvious? Obvious is used especially to describe a decision, choice or course of action. Natural can be used in the same way, but is more frequently used to describe feelings: a natural feeling/desire/fear. When obvious is used with these words it does not mean ‘as you would expect’, but ‘easy to notice’:
•Children have a natural desire for affection.
 ✗ Children have an obvious desire for affection. George ignored Lucy's obvious desire to be left alone.
2.
Hunting is one of a cat's natural instincts.
innate • • instinctive • • congenital • • hereditary • • genetic • • intuitive
Opp: acquired
a/an natural/innate/genetic characteristic
a/an natural/innate/instinctive/intuitive ability/understanding/response
natural/innate/intuitive intelligence

Example Bank:
All the materials are natural.
It's only natural that she should feel upset.
Your highlights look really natural.
completely natural materials
Children have a natural desire for affection and security.
Extreme shyness seemed to be part of her natural character.
He thought inequality was all part of the natural order of things.
He's a natural rebel/leader.
His natural gifts as a preacher meant he was in great demand.
Hunting is one of a cat's natural instincts.
I had a quite natural desire to hit him.
It's natural that he would want to see his own son.
It's only natural to worry about your children.
It's perfectly natural for you to feel annoyed.
She has a natural ability with children.
The man died of natural causes.
They seemed to be the natural party of government.
a country's natural resources

 
noun  
 
PERSON
1. ~ (for sth) a person who is very good at sth without having to learn how to do it, or who is perfectly suited for a particular job
She took to flying like a natural.
He's a natural for the role.  
 
IN MUSIC
2. a normal musical note, not its ↑sharp or ↑flat form. The written symbol is (♮).

Word Origin:
Middle English (in the sense ‘having a certain status by birth’): from Old French, from Latin naturalis, from natura ‘birth, nature, quality’, from nat- ‘born’, from the verb nasci.
 

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