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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
form



I - noun
1. the phonological or orthographic sound or appearance of a word that can be used to describe or identify something (Freq. 96)
- the inflected forms of a word can be represented by a stem and a list of inflections to be attached
Syn:
word form, signifier, descriptor
Derivationally related forms:
signify (for: signifier)
Topics:
linguistics
Hypernyms:
word
Hyponyms:
plural, plural form, singular, singular form, ghost word,
root, root word, base, stem, theme, radical,
etymon, citation form, main entry word, entry word, abbreviation, acronym
2. a category of things distinguished by some common characteristic or quality (Freq. 62)
- sculpture is a form of art
- what kinds of desserts are there?
Syn:
kind, sort, variety
Derivationally related forms:
sort (for: sort)
Hypernyms:
category
Hyponyms:
description, type, antitype, art form, style,
flavor, flavour, color, colour, species, genus,
brand, make, genre, like, ilk, manner,
model, stripe, the like, the likes of
3. a perceptual structure (Freq. 40)
- the composition presents problems for students of musical form
- a visual pattern must include not only objects but the spaces between them
Syn:
shape, pattern
Derivationally related forms:
pattern (for: pattern), shape (for: shape)
Hypernyms:
structure
Hyponyms:
fractal, gestalt, grid, kaleidoscope, mosaic, strand
Part Holonyms:
percept, perception, perceptual experience
4. any spatial attributes (especially as defined by outline) (Freq. 23)
- he could barely make out their shapes
Syn:
shape, configuration, contour, conformation
Derivationally related forms:
contour (for: contour), shape (for: shape)
Hypernyms:
spatial property, spatiality
Hyponyms:
sharpness, keenness, dullness, bluntness, topography,
lobularity, concavity, concaveness, convexity, convexness, angularity,
angularity, curvature, curve, roundness, straightness,
crookedness, stratification
Attrubites:
straight, crooked
5. alternative names for the body of a human being (Freq. 19)
- Leonardo studied the human body
- he has a strong physique
- the spirit is willing but the flesh is weak
Syn:
human body, physical body, material body, soma, build,
figure, physique, anatomy, shape, bod, chassis,
frame, flesh
Derivationally related forms:
anatomic (for: anatomy), anatomist (for: anatomy), anatomical (for: anatomy)
Hypernyms:
body, organic structure, physical structure
Hyponyms:
person, juvenile body, adult body, male body, female body
Part Holonyms:
person, individual, someone, somebody, mortal,
soul, homo, man, human being, human
6. the spatial arrangement of something as distinct from its substance (Freq. 8)
- geometry is the mathematical science of shape
Syn:
shape
Hypernyms:
attribute
Hyponyms:
solid, plane, sheet, natural shape, flare,
flair, figure, line, angular shape, angularity, round shape,
distorted shape, distortion, amorphous shape, connection, connexion, link,
link, square, triangle, column, tower,
pillar, plume
7. the visual appearance of something or someone (Freq. 3)
- the delicate cast of his features
Syn:
shape, cast
Derivationally related forms:
shapely (for: shape), shape (for: shape)
Hypernyms:
appearance, visual aspect
8. a printed document with spaces in which to write (Freq. 2)
- he filled out his tax form
Hypernyms:
document, written document, papers
Hyponyms:
application form, claim form, order form, questionnaire, requisition,
requisition form, tax form, telegraph form
Part Meronyms:
space, blank space, place
9. (biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups (Freq. 1)
- a new strain of microorganisms
Syn:
variant, strain, var.
Derivationally related forms:
variant (for: variant)
Topics:
biology, biological science
Hypernyms:
taxonomic group, taxonomic category, taxon
Member Holonyms:
species
10. an arrangement of the elements in a composition or discourse (Freq. 1)
- the essay was in the form of a dialogue
- he first sketches the plot in outline form
Hypernyms:
writing style, literary genre, genre
Hyponyms:
versification
11. a particular mode in which something is manifested (Freq. 1)
- his resentment took the form of extreme hostility
Hypernyms:
manner, mode, style, way, fashion
12. (physical chemistry) a distinct state of matter in a system;
matter that is identical in chemical composition and physical state and separated from other material by the phase boundary
- the reaction occurs in the liquid phase of the system
Syn:
phase
Topics:
physical chemistry
Hypernyms:
state of matter, state
Hyponyms:
dispersed phase, dispersed particles, dispersing phase, dispersion medium, dispersing medium
13. a body of students who are taught together
- early morning classes are always sleepy
Syn:
class, grade, course
Hypernyms:
gathering, assemblage
Hyponyms:
master class, section, discussion section
14. an ability to perform well
- he was at the top of his form
- the team was off form last night
Hypernyms:
ability
15. a life-size dummy used to display clothes
Syn:
mannequin, manikin, mannikin, manakin
Hypernyms:
dummy
16. a mold for setting concrete
- they built elaborate forms for pouring the foundation
Hypernyms:
mold, mould, cast

II - verb
1. create (as an entity) (Freq. 28)
- social groups form everywhere
- They formed a company
Syn:
organize, organise
Derivationally related forms:
organisation (for: organise), organization (for: organize), formation
Hypernyms:
make, create
Hyponyms:
reorganize, reorganise, regroup, choose up, draw up,
regiment, syndicate
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
2. to compose or represent:"This wall forms the background of the stage setting" (Freq. 26)
- The branches made a roof
- This makes a fine introduction
Syn:
constitute, make
Derivationally related forms:
constitution (for: constitute), constituent (for: constitute)
Hypernyms:
constitute, represent, make up, comprise, be
Hyponyms:
chelate, add
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s something
3. develop into a distinctive entity (Freq. 18)
- our plans began to take shape
Syn:
take form, take shape, spring
Derivationally related forms:
formation
Hypernyms:
become
Hyponyms:
regenerate
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- Something is ----ing PP
- Somebody ----s PP
4. give shape or form to (Freq. 12)
- shape the dough
- form the young child's character
Syn:
shape
Derivationally related forms:
formation, shape (for: shape), shaper (for: shape)
Hypernyms:
change, alter, modify
Hyponyms:
individuate, tie, terrace, fork, tabulate,
dimension, roll, draw, strike, crystallize, crystallise,
crystalise, crystalize, twist, sliver, ridge, plume,
round, round out, round off, scallop, scollop, square,
square up, dish, fit, flatten, deform, distort,
distort, blow, block, cup, encircle,
circle, turn
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
5. make something, usually for a specific function (Freq. 11)
- She molded the rice balls carefully
- Form cylinders from the dough
- shape a figure
- Work the metal into a sword
Syn:
shape, work, mold, mould, forge
Derivationally related forms:
mold (for: mold), formation, shape (for: shape), shaper (for: shape), shaping (for: shape)
Hypernyms:
create from raw material, create from raw stuff
Hyponyms:
carve, swage, upset, chip, layer,
cut out, machine, grind, stamp, puddle, beat,
preform, mound, hill, roughcast, reshape, remold,
sinter, cast, mold, mould, throw, handbuild,
hand-build, coil, sculpt, sculpture, model
Verb Group:
work, work on, process
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s something PP
6. establish or impress firmly in the mind (Freq. 3)
- We imprint our ideas onto our children
Syn:
imprint
Derivationally related forms:
formative, imprint (for: imprint), imprinting (for: imprint)
Hypernyms:
influence, act upon, work
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something on somebody
7. assume a form or shape
- the water formed little beads
Hypernyms:
change
Hyponyms:
constellate, culminate, granulate, grain, conglobate,
conglobe, bunch, bunch up, bundle, cluster, clump,
brecciate, reticulate, flake, head, bead
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s

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