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illness



illness S3 W3 /ˈɪlnəs, ˈɪlnɪs/ noun [UNCOUNTABLE AND COUNTABLE]
a disease of the body or mind, or the condition of being ill:
  ▪ She had all the normal childhood illnesses.
  ▪ Her mother was recovering from a serious illness.
  ▪ I’ve never missed a day’s work through illness.
  ▪ ways to improve your health and reduce the risk of illness
⇨ disease
• • •
COLLOCATIONS
verbs
have an illness
  ▪ When did you first find out that you had the illness?
suffer from an illness
  ▪ She suffers from a rare illness.
get/develop an illness
  ▪ She developed the illness when she was in her 50s.
contract an illness formal (=get an illness by catching it from another person)
  ▪ He contracted the illness while he was working abroad.
recover from an illness
  ▪ It took several months for him to recover from his illness.
be diagnosed with an illness (=be found by doctors to have an illness)
  ▪ Her husband had just been diagnosed with a terminal illness.
cause/lead to illness
  ▪ Inadequate hygiene can lead to illness.
prevent illness
  ▪ Vaccines have been successful in preventing illness.
ADJECTIVES/NOUN + illness
serious/severe
  ▪ His illness is more severe than the doctors first thought.
minor (=not serious)
  ▪ He suffered a succession of minor illnesses.
fatal (=causing death quite quickly)
  ▪ She developed a fatal illness.
life-threatening (=likely to cause death)
  ▪ Doctors say that his illness isn’t life-threatening.
terminal (=causing death eventually, and not possible to cure)
  ▪ At that point the illness was thought to be terminal.
incurable (=not possible to cure)
  ▪ The films tells the sad story of a young boy with an incurable illness.
acute (=becoming serious very quickly)
  ▪ A lot of illnesses can be either acute or chronic.
chronic (=that lasts a long time, and cannot be cured)
  ▪ Diabetes is an example of a chronic illness.
a long/short illness
  ▪ She nursed him through his long illness.
  ▪ Arthur died following a short illness.
a debilitating illness (=that makes you very weak)
  ▪ His last years were ruined by a debilitating illness.
a childhood illness
  ▪ Measles is a common childhood illness.
a mental/psychiatric illness
  ▪ We provide specialist care for young people with mental illnesses.
phrases
the symptoms of an illness
  ▪ Symptoms of the illness include vomiting and severe headaches.
a period of illness
  ▪ He returned to work after a period of illness.
COMMON ERRORS
► Do not say 'a heavy illness'. Say a serious illness or a severe illness.
• • •
THESAURUS
illness something wrong with your health which makes you feel ill :
  ▪ Her husband was in hospital for six months with a serious illness.
disease a particular illness, especially one that spreads to other people easily or that affects one part of your body :
  ▪ childhood diseases such as measles and chickenpox
  ▪ heart disease
infection an illness that is caused by bacteria or a virus :
  ▪ His cough got worse and worse and became a chest infection.
condition a health problem that affects you permanently or for a long time :
  ▪ a medical condition such as asthma
  ▪ a heart condition
problem [USUALLY AFTER A NOUN]something that is wrong with a particular part of your body or your health in general :
  ▪ a serious back problem
  ▪ health problems
trouble [SINGULAR, ONLY AFTER A NOUN]illness or pain that affects a particular part of your body :
  ▪ I’ve had a bit of stomach trouble.
disorder formal an illness that prevents a particular organ of your body from working properly, or affects the way you behave :
  ▪ a liver disorder
  ▪ a blood disorder
  ▪ Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder.
an illness that is not very serious
bug informal an illness that spreads to other people very easily but that is not very serious :
  ▪ There’s a bug going round at school and a lot of the children are absent.
  ▪ a flu bug
complaint medical an illness that affects a particular part of your body, especially one that is not very serious – used by doctors :
  ▪ a minor skin complaint
  ▪ Deakin suffers from a back complaint called arachnoiditis.
ailment /ˈeɪlmənt/ formal an illness that affects a particular part of your body, especially one that is not serious :
  ▪ People often go to their doctor about relatively minor ailments.
  ▪ The ointment is used to treat ailments such as small wounds and insect bites.
the general state of being ill
illness the general state of being ill :
  ▪ Stress is emerging today as a major cause of illness.
sickness the state of being ill, especially when it stops you working :
  ▪ absence from work due to sickness
ill health formal the state of being ill, usually for a long period of time :
  ▪ Research shows that there is a link between air pollution and ill health.

noun
COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES
a childhood illness/disease
measles and other common childhood illnesses
a devastating disease/illness
Cheaper medicines are needed to fight Aids and other devastating diseases.
a serious injury/illness
The driver was taken to hospital with serious injuries.
a severe injury/illness
She had suffered severe head injuries.
fatal accident/illness/injury etc
a fatal climbing accident
If it is not treated correctly, the condition can prove fatal be fatal.
incurable disease/illness/condition
She has a rare, incurable disease.
long illness
She’s recovering from a long illness.
mental illness
The centre provides help for people suffering from mental illness.
minor injury/illness/operation etc (=one that is not very serious or dangerous)
He escaped with only minor injuries.
psychosomatic illness/symptoms/disorder etc
Children are just as susceptible to psychosomatic conditions as adults.
the stigma of alcoholism/mental illness etc
The stigma of alcoholism makes it difficult to treat.
waterborne disease/illness etc
waterborne diseases such as cholera
COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS
ADJECTIVE
acute
However, unless an accident or acute illness was associated with onset, memory problems are likely to confuse the result.
No answers could mitigate the suffering of victims as encompassed by the poliovirus as she was in the acute stages of illness.
Phenothiazine treatment will be required for the patient with an acute schizophrenic illness.
Young physicians, trained in medical school according to an acute illness model, found Carville an unusual place.
The oral intake of complex carbohydrates is often restricted in patients with an acute diarrhoeal illness.
Let us look at an example of acute illness that would naturally resolve in time.
If you have built up some experience using the remedies then you will find the 30 an excellent potency for acute illness.
The more vigorous and acute the illness is the quicker things change.
chronic
Such elders may have given positive meaning to experiences of anxiety, poverty, chronic illness, multiple losses and death.
You can need long-term care because of a disabling accident or a chronic illness.
Older people can quickly become dispirited and depressed by chronic illness.
Difficulty adapting to a chronic illness 2.
They must remember that anorexia nervosa is often a chronic illness.
Marijuana is said to alleviate painful side effects of treatment for some chronic illnesses.
The annual report of the General Household Survey provides information on the distribution of chronic illness by socio-economic group.
Healthy people can contract necrotizing fasciitis, but people with chronic illnesses or open wounds are more susceptible.
depressive
A massive 3,324, working days were lost because of depressive illnesses between and in Northern Ireland alone.
Many young people are struggling with a depressive illness that requires medical treatment.
He said Spanswick's wife had left him and he was suffering from a depressive illness.
Defining rigorously what constitutes a clinically significant depressive illness is problematic, regardless of the age range under consideration.
Many are suffering from severe depressive illnesses, often with persecutory ideas or delusions.
Some examples of the kinds of events and difficulties which provoked depressive illnesses in the sample are given in the Appendix.
While a number of depressive illnesses treated by psychiatrists seem to have no link with environmental stress, many more do.
They did not have a higher rate of manic depressive illness or anxiety neurosis.
fatal
A third illustration is asbestos manufacture, which is implicated in fatal illness amongst employees and others.
It is standard medical practice here not to tell the patient about potentially fatal illnesses, especially cancer.
It also causes a fatal Aids-like illness in some species of monkey.
It was while he was besieging that town that the king contracted a fatal illness.
The doctor missed his other, fatal, illness.
long
Occasionally a person will suffer from a long and unpleasant illness like glandular fever, but this is rare.
The patient described by Boustany etal had a cytochrome c oxidase deficiency and a long illness before she eventually died of peritonitis.
In middle age he has experienced a breakdown, an identity crisis, which followed a long illness and an operation.
I have the same new-worldliness of some one who emerges to sunlight after a long illness in a darkened room.
Next home was David Lodge in 27 mins. 23 which was a promising effort following a long lay-off due to illness.
Anorexia Nervosa is a long term illness and regular follow-up appointments are necessary.
She felt like a convalescent after a long and dangerous illness, her strength returning, her enthusiasm for life rekindled.
major
Regions ought to be looking to the future and planning the replacement of major mental illness hospitals.
The experience of companies using case management for major illnesses confirms his view.
Aromatherapy, as it is more usually practised, is about prevention of major illness and the symptomatic treatment of minor ailments.
Soon, Michael would be diagnosed with schizophrenia, the most chronic and disabling of the major mental illnesses.
mental
Today madness is called mental illness.
Popular magazines now broach the subject of mental illness, while the government is encouraging research into mental health.
Clinical and counselling psychologists do not deal only with mental illness.
A 35-year-old lawyer faces financial ruin resulting from a serious mental illness.
Patients with mental illness are particularly vulnerable.
Stephenson, it was soon discovered, was suffering from mental illness.
He had a history of mental illness.
minor
Such research would be helped by the development of valid, reliable instruments to measure quality of life in common minor illnesses.
By fall the disease, first thought a minor illness, was an epidemic.
Absenteeism, recurrent minor illnesses, accidents at home and at work and disturbed relationships with colleagues are all commonplace.
There are many people who simply can not afford to run to the doctor every time they have a minor illness.
other
Pegged out: dental problems may be a symptom of other illness in the body, above.
Headache may be on its own or the forerunner of other complaints; it accompanies almost all other illnesses.
Few other paediatric illnesses are as gratifying to diagnose and as uniformly responsive to treatment.
They know that other unhappy things can happen to people like road accidents or other illnesses.
It wasn't like any other sickening or illness she had known.
The cost of myocardial infarction and other cardiac illness is high and is in part the result of vocational disability.
You could be at risk of heart disease or other stress-related illness.
Connections have been made with, among other illnesses, skin rashes, asthma, heart disease, backache and cancer.
physical
The medical staff would like to know if you suffer from any physical disability or illness such as asthma, diabetes or epilepsy.
Examples of such harm could include physical or mental illness or loss of salary.
They need the same support and information they would get in a case of physical illness.
Drinking is seen as leading to a physical and psychological illness.
Such feelings almost inevitably lead to physical illness.
The mind and emotions are involved as well as the body and any physical symptoms of illness that may be present.
High achievers report less physical illness and spend less time discussing their ailments.
There was then, as there still is today, some evidence of significant mental and physical illness among women in prison.
psychiatric
Suicide Although suicide is not, in itself, a psychiatric illness it may be taken as suggestive of impaired mental health.
But why does that prove that the lousy conduct is a psychiatric illness?
The differential diagnosis includes both primary psychiatric illness and a wide range of organic acute brain syndromes, including substance abuse.
The third group includes patients who mutilate themselves, usually in the context of a serious psychiatric illness.
Behaviour in patients with complex partial seizures is usually more repetitive and stereotyped than in psychiatric illness.
It results from the attempt to provide relief from psychiatric illnesses and has only recently begun to be recognised.
psychosomatic
On the other hand, if we are under-stressed we will become lethargic and tired and psychosomatic illnesses could occur.
Here is the basic pattern Of the engram which will contain the chronic psychosomatic illness in any patient.
The full range of symptoms attributed to psychosomatic illness are shown in Table 1.
respiratory
The decision follows years of anxiety about the high levels of respiratory illnesses in the area.
Effects have included widespread respiratory illnesses and the closure of airports due to poor visibility.
The association between length of gestation and respiratory illness was greatest for symptoms of wheeze most days.
About 55 percent of schoolchildren suffer health problems; respiratory illnesses are particularly prevalent.
Immaturity seems to play an important part in the subsequent development of respiratory illness in childhood.
serious
Following a serious illness in 1744 she came to regard herself as sinful.
This is why the germs seldom cause serious illnesses.
She had had no serious illnesses in the past and had never been in hospital.
Therefore, the detection of respiratory alkalosis may represent an important diagnostic clue to more serious illness.
It can cope with a cold, fight off a serious illness and with time, even mend a broken bone.
But no complaints: up to now, I have never had a serious illness.
That is something that needs to be said, as he is very popular and has just recovered from a serious illness.
Lengths of stay are being cut dramatically for just about every serious medical illness and surgical procedure.
severe
The designer's close encounter of severe illness had a profound influence on his scheme.
When it erupts at the wrong moment, it can signal severe illness.
People whose disabilities begin with severe illness or injury find themselves in medical hands whether they like it or not.
Soon thereafter Latimer falls into a severe illness and, after a time of unconsciousness, he wakes.
The most likely way in which a booking contract may be frustrated is through severe illness on the part of the guest.
The denial rate is high among people with severe mental illnesses.
And people suffering from a severe injury or illness usually need to regain weight.
Many are suffering from severe depressive illnesses, often with persecutory ideas or delusions.
short
After a short illness in 1909 she died.
She died 16 January 1918 in Sidmouth, after a short illness.
This confinement apparently affected his health and, after a short illness, he died suddenly at the museum 28 May 1917.
He died at his family's Wiltshire home after a short illness.
He died, unexpectedly, after a short illness aged only 39 whilst staying at the Phoenix Hotel in Taunton.
He died after a very short and sudden illness in June 1986.
He died in Feltham, Middlesex, 21 August 1869 after a short illness.
His service was itself cut short by illness.
terminal
Charles took on Diana's mantle speaking on terminal illness, while she prepared to tread the world stage.
Her terrible, inexplicable terminal illness.
How would you feel, say, if you had an incurable disease, or a terminal illness?
Being somewhat overweight is not a serious health problem, and obesity is not a terminal illness.
Ideally, some one with a terminal illness should at least have the right to work part-time as long as they are able.
We feel like a patient with a possible terminal illness that no one will tell the results of the tests.
At present, patients are prevented from receiving the benefit for the first six months of a terminal illness.
Patient E16 had only been in hospital once, three years before his terminal illness.
VERB
cause
Stress and tension are implicated in causing illness, and I believe that much modern health propaganda simply adds to that problem.
This is why the germs seldom cause serious illnesses.
In other words, poverty can cause illness directly and indirectly, and vice-versa.
Tainted meat and poultry cause thousands of illnesses and hundreds of deaths each year.
Even the nursery's pet rabbit is being tested as a possible carrier of the organism that causes the illness.
Often this blocks a pulmonary artery, causing serious illness or death.
Diverse ways of coping with the stress caused by illness will be identified and any links with self-esteem investigated.
Primary teachers who chat to a class depleted by flu and colds about what causes such illnesses are actually covering the curriculum.
cope
Now Peter's family can get on with looking after him and coping with his illness without worrying about losing their home.
Relatives have to cope with mental illness that so often changes the personality of their loved one.
Health professionals, particularly doctors, find particular difficulty in coping with a disabling illness in adult life.
diagnose
In claiming to diagnose and treat this illness doctors can do more harm than good.
Two years after her second child was born her husband was diagnosed with a terminal illness.
All attempts by my own doctor and the company doctor to diagnose my illness failed.
Brave Gail Devers was suffering from Graves Disease but it took doctors two years to diagnose the crippling thyroid illness.
die
The water in Haworth was bad, so many children died from illness.
I was recently at the funeral of a friend, who had died after a prolonged illness from cancer.
Mr Shrigley said two of the women had died from the serious illnesses for which they had been admitted to the hospital.
All this had changed when she was thirteen and her five-year-old sister had died of a sudden illness.
Then their five year old daughter Sarah tragically died after contracting the illness.
Eight have had heart conditions and two have died of illness while in office.
I also heard that my parents both died of an illness only a year after their wedding.
prevent
They were much more concerned about efforts to prevent illness, and to improve the quality of life of people incurably ill.
With no accountability for the consequences of their marketing, these industries have no incentive to prevent costly illness.
They promote health and help prevent illness in the first place.
recover
And in our psychiatric rehabilitation centres for men and women of all ages recovering from mental illness.
So they recover faster from illnesses.
However, the long-term outlook for reproductive function is poor in patients who conceive before they have fully recovered from their illness.
That is something that needs to be said, as he is very popular and has just recovered from a serious illness.
He had never completely recovered from the serious illness he had had when he first arrived.
All assumed then and indeed until two days ago that Chapman was recovering from his illness.
These may be helpful when recovering from an illness or if you fear your normal diet is lacking.
Shah Jehan had now recovered from his illness and was able to move to Agra and join in the victory celebrations.
relate
Surprise, surprise, 60-70 % of the population suffers some form of related illnesses from this toxic cocktail environment.
Massery said about $ 3 million comes from the estates of people who died from smoking-\\#related illnesses.
About 3,400,000 people, including 1,260,000 children, are suffering from fallout-\\#related illnesses.
Depression in the twilight years is usually related to chronic illness, which often can have a major impact on lifestyle.
About 50,000 pensioners die every year due to cold-\\#related illnesses and many others need hospital treatment.
Each new ache or pain is not necessarily related to the illness.
The findings come when, looking worldwide, deaths from tobacco related illnesses are increasing.
suffer
In the closing years of his life he suffered serious illness.
She has never gone hungry, suffered horrible illness or seen some one she loves die.
Almost certainly if you were suffering from such an illness you would have other symptoms to indicate that you were unwell.
He suffered several illnesses while president, although he continued to function adequately.
He said Spanswick's wife had left him and he was suffering from a depressive illness.
There is also no dispute that du Pont suffers from mental illness, as even the prosecution has acknowledged.
Read in studio More than eighty staff at a supermarket have been sent home suffering from a mystery illness.
Many are suffering from severe depressive illnesses, often with persecutory ideas or delusions.
treat
A qualified nurse is available to treat injuries and general illnesses and to advise on general health matters.
But his countrymen did not treat his illness as a joke.
The legislation would require corporate health plans to treat mental illnesses the same as physical ailments.
Last year 110,000 people died and 254,000 were treated for smoking related illnesses, taking up 9,473 hospital beds every day.
Think about psychological counseling, too, to help separate the pain from the fear response to the pain. Treat illness.
In treating acute illnesses there are only two outcomes to giving the wrong low potency remedy.
The lawsuit seeks reimbursement for costs of treating people with tobacco-related illnesses.
PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
plead ignorance/illness/insanity etc
As to his reference to rugby league, I plead ignorance and will not interfere with private griefs.
Galileo pleaded ignorance of any such document and promised to produce that signed by Bellarrnine in 1616.
He attempted to plead insanity, but did it so effectively that they concluded he must be sane.
In Seville he had often pleaded ignorance over some of the expressions she used.
The next day, she stayed home from work, something she rarely did, pleading illness.
wasting disease/illness
A preacher, victim of a wasting illness, would refer in the pulpit to his forthcoming demise without shocking his congregation.
Children have been born deformed and there are fears of genetic defects; many adults are suffering from wasting diseases.
She will host the surprise get-together tomorrow as a thank you to the victims of a fatal muscle wasting disease.
There is not much point in weighing less but looking as if you are suffering from some wasting disease.
EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES
80% of patients now recover completely from this illness and are able to lead perfectly normal lives.
Doctors believe he may have contracted the illness while he was in Africa.
mental illness
Minor illnesses such as colds are usually best left to get better by themselves.
Most childhood illnesses can now be easily prevented.
People are often too embarrassed to admit that they have suffered from any form of mental illness.
She died yesterday after a long illness.
Should doctors always tell patients that they have terminal illnesses such as cancer?
You are allowed time off work only in cases of serious illness or bereavement.
EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS
About 30 percent of people with a mental illness also are drug or alcohol abusers, the audit said.
Experiments involve a spurious association between the novel food and the illness which is usually induced chemically or by X-rays.
He himself was thin and pale from illness, and was lying on the bed, wrapped in an old coat.
His preparation to be a deacon was disturbed by a death and by mental illness.
Most illnesses and infections are easier to treat if they are diagnosed early.
Our hospitals would be empty if we tried to discriminate between self-induced or even partially self-induced illnesses, and naturally developed diseases.
People whose disabilities begin with severe illness or injury find themselves in medical hands whether they like it or not.

▼ Từ liên quan / Related words
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